The second measure of financial position is solvency. Solvency is the ability of a farm business to pay all its farm debts if the business was sold tomorrow. Solvency is important in evaluating the financial risk and borrowing capacity of the farm business. Debt-to-Asset Ratio The Debt-to-Asset ratio compares a farm’s total assets with total […]
The first measure of financial performance is profitability. Profitability is the difference between the value of farm goods produced and the cost of the resources used in the production of those farm goods. In other words, profitability is what’s left after the farm business has paid all of its bills. Profitability measures the financial performance […]
The second measure of financial performance is repayment and replacement capacity. Repayment capacity shows the farm’s ability to repay term debts on time and as they come due. It includes non-farm income so it is not a measure of the farm business performance alone. The two measures used to assess repayment and replacement capacity are […]
The final measure of financial performance is financial efficiency. Financial efficiency shows how efficiently a farm business uses assets to generate income. It also indicates where each dollar of income generated in the farm business has been spent. The four measures used to assess financial efficiency are operating expense ratio, interest expense ratio, depreciation and […]
The first measure of financial position is liquidity. Liquidity is the ability of a farm business to meet the financial obligations as they come due – to generate enough cash to pay family living expenses and taxes and make debt payments on time. The two measures used to assess liquidity are current ratio and working […]
A farm business that has collected and organized their farm records will be able to complete management reports or financial statements. The Farm Financial Standards Council (FFSC – https://ffsc.org/) recommends farmers create four financial statements from which the financial position and performance may be analyzed. These statements include the balance sheet, income statement, statement of […]
Conducting a farm financial performance or financial benchmarking analysis can be daunting to those unaccustomed to doing them. There are many financial pieces of information needed to perform a proper analysis including; both beginning and ending balance sheets, either an actual accrual or accrual adjusted income statement, and a statement of cash flows.
Dairy farmers have experienced strong prices this last year, though rising input costs may have tightened cash flows. Hopefully, dairy operations are entering this new year with a strong working capital position and have adequate liquid assets available in the short term.
The new year often brings thoughts of income taxes and tax preparation. Some farmers might have received a loan servicing assistance payment if they were experiencing certain types of financial distress.
Right now, farmers are finalizing 2023 crop production plans – making decisions on crop inputs, planting, and other practices. Farmers should also assess the risks for the upcoming 2023 crop year. The support that may be provided by various tools to manage production and marketing risk includes Farm Bill commodity programs, federal crop insurance, and marketing tools.
Many business owners and farmers often do not prepare their own federal tax forms due to the complexity of the tax laws. At the beginning of each year, farmers must review their recordkeeping, generate income and expense reports, capital asset purchases and sales lists, and meet with their tax professionals.
Pick up any farm magazine or listen to any farm podcast and it won’t be long before the phrase “Costs of Production” comes up. Knowing costs of production is an important piece of management information and vital in many farm management decisions. Yet, as obvious as it sounds, pop open the hood and the messiness is revealed.
Join Kevin Bernhardt, Extension Farm Management Specialist, and Katie Wantoch, Extension Farm Management Outreach Specialist, as they share financial tools and analysis methods to aid in answering these questions and making informed decisions.
Whether it is marketing decisions, best production practices, human resource management or technology adoption, a major piece of information for the farm business decision-maker is knowing the costs of production. Two major questions in determining costs of production are how to calculate and which cost of production.
There are many tools farm managers can use to inform their decision-making. One simple and effective tool for many farm management applications is breakeven costs of production. This is particularly useful in marketing decisions as the breakeven cost of production is the price needed to cover costs. If a profit goal is added to the breakeven cost of production, then the decision-maker knows what price will not only cover costs, but also a profit goal.
Selecting the best recordkeeping tool will assist in making management decisions for the future. At the end of the year, farmers may be reviewing their income tax obligations and marketing plans or completing a business or enterprise analysis. A successful farm manager is already keeping good, accurate records throughout the year. Selecting the best recordkeeping […]
Many of us have spent numerous hours building the perfect plan, only to see it end up useless because our assumptions were wrong or some unforeseen disruption occurred in life. Thus, we conclude that planning is useless, a big waste of valuable management time. However, I think we are missing the point. Eisenhower said plans were useless, but the process of planning was indispensable.
Cyclical lows tend to be a time of greater anxiety for many and include increased exit from the industry. However, even in cyclical lows, some farms are making profits. For these farms, it is also a time of opportunity as capital asset prices for machinery, land, and cows are often lower as well. The question is: What do these successful farms look like at the end of cyclical highs that enable them to continue that success during cyclical lows?