The farm financial model offers a linear and circular process for informed decision-making. Records feed into reports, and reports help farmers integrate financial sense into farm production decisions.
Farming is a complex business which demands accurate records and careful financial management.
An accounting system is a set of actions and methods designed to collect, store, and process financial transactions into management reports for decision-making.
The balance sheet is a report of the farm business’ financial position at a moment in time. It lists assets, liabilities, and net worth (owner’s equity), and represents a snapshot of the farm business as of a certain date.
The income statement is a report of the farm business’ financial performance during a given time frame. It measures profit or loss in a given time period.
The statement of cash flows tracks the sources and uses of cash in the farm business in the past year. It also adds insight to the understanding of financial position and performance of the farm business.
The statement of owner equity reconciles the change in equity from the beginning balance sheet to the ending balance sheet for the farm business. Also known as the statement of net worth, shows the source of change.
Host Katie Wantoch and Heather Schlesser, agriculture educator from Marathon County, discuss whether a dairy farmer and his son should purchase bred heifers or cows to expand their dairy herd.
Host Katie Wantoch and Stephanie Plaster, Agriculture Educator in Ozaukee and Washington counties, discuss a dairy farmer who has received a CFAP payment for their milk production and are wondering who should pay first with this program payment and how much they should pay to vendors.
Host Katie Wantoch and Simon Jette Nantel, Professor at UW-River Falls and Extension Farm Management Specialist, discuss if a farmer should offer a lower rental rate per acre to the neighbor who is retiring from farming.
Host Katie Wantoch and John Shutske, Professor and Director of UW Center for Agricultural Safety and Health and an Extension Specialist, discuss a farmer’s wife who is worried about her husband and the ongoing struggles with their farm business.
Host Katie Wantoch and Jerry Clark, Extension Agriculture Agent in Chippewa County, discuss a farmer who wants to know if they should sell surplus crops or keep the feed for next year.